Are you a fresher or a Starlite seeking how to calculate GPA and CGPA in Nigeria? Over time, students do indulge in the habit of accusing lecturers/examiners of wrongful calculations of their GPA and CPGA which in the actual sense they are ignorant of the processes involved in calculating.

As a matter of fact, some students don’t even know the meaning of GPA/CGPA let alone know how to calculate it.

However, this article tends to critically explain how students in Nigerian institutions can possibly calculate their GPA/CGPA themselves. Happy reading!

Prior to this time, students are not literally interested in how GPA/CGPA is being calculated. This is probably because of the erroneous belief that it is complex as some students even pay their counterparts for the calculation.

**How To Calculate GPA and CGPA in Nigeria**

Before a vivid explanation of how to go about the calculation, what does GPA/CGPA mean?

**GPA**

GPA stands for grade point average. It is the grade point for your first and second-semester results. You need to know the score you got for each of your courses to calculate the GPA of either semester.

Below is a sample of the first and second-semester results of a first-year student in the University.

**First Semester Course Outline**

Course Code | Course Title | Unit |
---|---|---|

ACC 101 | Elements of Accounting I | 2 |

COS 101 | Introduction to Computer Science | 3 |

PHI 101 | Introduction to Logic | 2 |

MAN 101 | Principles of Small Business Economics | 2 |

MTH 111 | General Mathematics I | 3 |

MAN 141 | Elements of Business Economics I | 3 |

GSP 101 | The Use of English I | 2 |

GSP 105 | Natural Science I | 2 |

Total |
19 |

**First Semester Result**

Course Code | Course Title | Score | Grade |
---|---|---|---|

ACC 101 | Elements of Accounting I | 46 | D |

COS 101 | Introduction to Computer Science | 75 | A |

PHI 101 | Introduction to Logic | 66 | B |

MAN 101 | Principles of Small Business Economics | 43 | E |

MTH 111 | General Mathematics I | 54 | C |

MAN 141 | Elements of Business Economics I | 87 | A |

GSP 101 | The Use of English I | 49 | D |

GSP 105 | Natural Science I | 57 | C |

**First Semester GPA Calculation**

Point Course Code | Unit | Grade | Point | Unit x Point | Total |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

ACC 101 | 2 | D | 2 | 2 x 2 | 4 |

COS 101 | 3 | A | 5 | 3 x 5 | 15 |

PHI 101 | 2 | B | 4 | 2 x 4 | 8 |

MAN 101 | 2 | E | 1 | 2 x 1 | 2 |

MTH 111 | 3 | C | 3 | 3 x 3 | 9 |

MAN 141 | 3 | A | 5 | 3 x 5 | 15 |

GSP 101 | 2 | D | 2 | 2 x 2 | 4 |

GSP 105 | 2 | C | 3 | 2 x 3 | 6 |

Total |
19 |
25 |
63 |

You will divide the total point by the total number of credit unit loads for the first semester.

**Total Point** = 63

**Total Unit** = 19

**GPA** = 63/19 = 3.32

**Second Semester Course Outline**

Course Code | Course Title | Unit |
---|---|---|

ACC 102 | Elements of Accounting II | 2 |

PSY 101 | Introduction to Psychology | 2 |

BF 101 | Introduction to Finance | 2 |

MTH 112 | General Mathematics II | 2 |

MAN 142 | Elements of Business Economics II | 3 |

GSP 102 | The Use of English II | 2 |

GSP 106 | Natural Science II | 2 |

Total |
15 |

**Second Semester Result**

The table below shows the second-semester result we would for the calculation.

Course Code | Course Title | Score | Grade |
---|---|---|---|

ACC 102 | Elements of Accounting II | 65 | B |

PSY 101 | Introduction to Psychology | 56 | C |

BF 101 | Introduction to Finance | 44 | E |

MTH 112 | General Mathematics II | 59 | C |

MAN 142 | Elements of Business Economics II | 78 | A |

GSP 102 | The Use of English II | 49 | D |

GSP 106 | Natural Science II | 81 | A |

**First Semester GPA Calculation**

Course Code | Unit | Grade | Point | Unit x Point | Total |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

ACC 102 | 2 | B | 4 | 2 x 4 | 8 |

PSY 101 | 2 | C | 3 | 2 x 3 | 6 |

BF 101 | 2 | E | 1 | 2 x 1 | 2 |

MTH 112 | 2 | C | 3 | 2 x 3 | 6 |

MAN 142 | 3 | A | 5 | 3 x 5 | 15 |

GSP 102 | 2 | D | 2 | 2 x 2 | 4 |

GSP 106 | 2 | A | 5 | 2 x 5 | 10 |

Total |
15 |
23 |
51 |

You will divide the total point by the total number of credit unit loads for the second semester.

**Total Point** = 51

**Total Unit** = 15

**GPA** = 51/15 = 3.4

**CGPA**

CGPA stands for cumulative grade point average. It is an addition to your first and second semester GPA.

Now the final step is to add the GPA of both semesters and divide it into two (2) to get your CGPA.

Semester | GPA |
---|---|

First semester | 3.32 |

Second semester | 3.4 |

Total |

**CGPA** = First semester GPA + Second semester GPA / 2

**CGPA** = 3.32 + 3.4 / 2 = 3.36

**Final Year CGPA**

The final year CGPA is an addition of your CGPA from the first year to your final year divided by the number of years of study.

Below is the CGPA of a student from the first year till the final year.

Level | CGPA |
---|---|

100 | 3.36 |

200 | 4.5 |

300 | 3.9 |

499 | 4.7 |

Total |
16.46 |

**Final CGPA** = Total CGPA / 4

**Final**** CGPA** = 16.46/4 = 4.1

**Nigerian University Grading System **

Up to this present moment, the grading system in Nigeria tertiary institutions uses over a hundred scores.

Thirty (30) marks is for continuous assessment while seventy (70) is for examination score.

Before you learn how to calculate GPA and CGPA in Nigeria universites, you have to first understnd and follow the gradic system.

Below is the grading system for Nigerian Universities;

Score | Grade | Points | Remark |
---|---|---|---|

70 – 100 | A | 5 | Excellent |

60 – 69 | B | 4 | Very Good |

50 – 59 | C | 3 | Good |

45 – 49 | D | 2 | Pass |

40 – 44 | E | 1 | Fair |

0 – 39 | F | 0 | Fail |

*Class of Degree: Graduating class limits are as follows;*

- First class: 4.5 -5.00
- Second class upper division: 3.5 – 4.49
- Second class lower division: 2.49 – 3.49
- Third class: 1.50 – 2.48
- Good Academic Standing

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**Conclusion: How to Calculate GPA and CGPA in Nigeria Institutions**

Knowing how to calculate GPA/CGPA yourself helps to keep you in track. Most universities release GPA lately while students who don’t know how to go about the calculations still go about with a casual attitude towards academics while students who know the calculations/result already put in more efforts to actualize a better GPA/CGPA. Remember, you should not fall below 1.0 to be in good standing as students who fall below 1.0 risk possible withdrawal from the school management.

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CGPA is TCE divided by TCC and not the average of all GPAs like you calculated for the Four semesters