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How To Calculate Both GPA & CGPA in Nigeria Institutions

Are you a fresher or a Starlite seeking how to calculate GPA and CGPA in Nigeria? Over time, students do indulge in the habit of accusing lecturers/examiners of wrongful calculations of their GPA and CPGA which in the actual sense they are ignorant of the processes involved in calculating.

As a matter of fact, some students don’t even know the meaning of GPA/CGPA let alone know how to calculate it.

However, this article tends to critically explain how students in Nigerian institutions can possibly calculate their GPA/CGPA themselves. Happy reading!

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Prior to this time, students are not literally interested in how GPA/CGPA is being calculated. This is probably because of the erroneous belief that it is complex as some students even pay their counterparts for the calculation.

How To Calculate GPA and CGPA in Nigeria

Before a vivid explanation of how to go about the calculation, what does GPA/CGPA mean?

GPA

GPA stands for grade point average. It is the grade point for your first and second-semester results. You need to know the score you got for each of your courses to calculate the GPA of either semester.

Below is a sample of the first and second-semester results of a first-year student in the University.

First Semester Course Outline

Course CodeCourse TitleUnit
ACC 101Elements of Accounting I2
COS 101Introduction to Computer Science3
PHI 101Introduction to Logic2
MAN 101Principles of Small Business Economics2
MTH 111General Mathematics I3
MAN 141Elements of Business Economics I3
GSP 101The Use of English I 2
GSP 105Natural Science I2
Total19

First Semester Result

Course CodeCourse TitleScoreGrade
ACC 101Elements of Accounting I46D
COS 101Introduction to Computer Science75A
PHI 101Introduction to Logic66B
MAN 101Principles of Small Business Economics43E
MTH 111General Mathematics I54C
MAN 141Elements of Business Economics I87A
GSP 101The Use of English I 49D
GSP 105Natural Science I57C

First Semester GPA Calculation

Point Course CodeUnitGradePointUnit x PointTotal
ACC 1012D22 x 24
COS 1013A53 x 515
PHI 1012B42 x 48
MAN 1012E12 x 12
MTH 1113C33 x 39
MAN 1413A53 x 515
GSP 101 2D22 x 24
GSP 1052C32 x 36
Total192563

You will divide the total point by the total number of credit unit loads for the first semester.

Total Point = 63

Total Unit = 19

GPA = 63/19 = 3.32

Second Semester Course Outline

Course CodeCourse TitleUnit
ACC 102Elements of Accounting II2
PSY 101Introduction to Psychology2
BF 101Introduction to Finance2
MTH 112General Mathematics II2
MAN 142Elements of Business Economics II3
GSP 102The Use of English II2
GSP 106Natural Science II2
Total15

Second Semester Result

The table below shows the second-semester result we would for the calculation.

Course CodeCourse TitleScoreGrade
ACC 102Elements of Accounting II65B
PSY 101Introduction to Psychology56C
BF 101Introduction to Finance44E
MTH 112General Mathematics II59C
MAN 142Elements of Business Economics II78A
GSP 102The Use of English II 49D
GSP 106Natural Science II81A

First Semester GPA Calculation

Course CodeUnitGradePointUnit x PointTotal
ACC 1022B42 x 48
PSY 1012C32 x 36
BF 1012E12 x 12
MTH 1122C32 x 36
MAN 1423A53 x 515
GSP 1022D22 x 24
GSP 1062A52 x 510
Total152351

You will divide the total point by the total number of credit unit loads for the second semester.

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Total Point = 51

Total Unit = 15

GPA = 51/15 = 3.4

CGPA

CGPA stands for cumulative grade point average. It is an addition to your first and second semester GPA.

Now the final step is to add the GPA of both semesters and divide it into two (2) to get your CGPA.

SemesterGPA
First semester3.32
Second semester3.4
Total

CGPA = First semester GPA + Second semester GPA / 2

CGPA = 3.32 + 3.4 / 2 = 3.36

Final Year CGPA

The final year CGPA is an addition of your CGPA from the first year to your final year divided by the number of years of study.

Below is the CGPA of a student from the first year till the final year.

LevelCGPA
1003.36
2004.5
3003.9
4994.7
Total16.46

Final CGPA = Total CGPA / 4

Final CGPA = 16.46/4 = 4.1

Nigerian University Grading System 

Nigerian University Grading System 

Up to this present moment, the grading system in Nigeria tertiary institutions uses over a hundred scores.

Thirty (30) marks is for continuous assessment while seventy (70) is for examination score.

Before you learn how to calculate GPA and CGPA in Nigeria universites, you have to first understnd and follow the gradic system.

Below is the grading system for Nigerian Universities;

ScoreGradePointsRemark
70 – 100A5Excellent
60 – 69B4Very Good
50 – 59C3Good
45 – 49D2Pass
40 – 44E1Fair
0 – 39F0Fail

Class of Degree: Graduating class limits are as follows;

  • First class: 4.5 -5.00
  • Second class upper division: 3.5 – 4.49
  • Second class lower division: 2.49 – 3.49
  • Third class: 1.50 – 2.48
  • Good Academic Standing

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Conclusion: How to Calculate GPA and CGPA in Nigeria Institutions

Knowing how to calculate GPA/CGPA yourself helps to keep you in track. Most universities release GPA lately while students who don’t know how to go about the calculations still go about with a casual attitude towards academics while students who know the calculations/result already put in more efforts to actualize a better GPA/CGPA. Remember, you should not fall below 1.0 to be in good standing as students who fall below 1.0 risk possible withdrawal from the school management.

Gideon Agbaja
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