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All Dams in Nigeria And Their Locations

Nigeria is one of the Africa countries known to have a lot of tourist centres. One could now be inquisitive to ask if dams are one of such and if yes, where are they situated. Hence, this post tends to examine ‘All Dams in Nigeria and their locations.

A dam is a structure built across a river or stream to hold backwater. People have used different materials to build dams over the centuries. Dams are built to provide water for human consumption, for irrigating arid and semiarid lands, or for use in industrial processes.

They are used to increase the amount of water available for generating hydroelectric power, to reduce peak discharge of floodwater created by large storms or heavy snowmelt, or to increase the depth of water in a river in order to improve navigation and allow barges and ships to travel more easily. Dams can also provide a lake for recreational activities such as swimming, boating, and fishing.

Feature of Dams

A typical dam consists of the heel, toe, freeboard, spillway, galleries, sluiceway, abutment and diversion tunnels.

Heel: contact point with the ground on the upstream side (reservoir side).

Toe: contact point with the ground on the downstream side.

Freeboard: The vertical distance between the reservoir water surface and the top of the dam.

Spillway: A drainage pipe that could discharge excess water from the reservoir to prevent overflowing of the dam.

Galleries: Rooms constructed for regular checks and repair operations. They are located within the dam.

Sluice way: A channel with gates to let rubbish, excess soil or mudflow out from the reservoir. This feature could also reduce the pressure on the dam. This feature locates at the ground level of the dam.

Abutment: the sides of the hills or valley where the whole dam structure rests on.

Diversion tunnels: These features are constructed before the construction of the dam. They help to divide the river stream and keep the river bed dry in order to provide a working space for the dam.

Depending on the location and also the use of the dam, characteristics of the dam could vary and a few extra features could be added to provide services.

How Many Dams Do We Have in Nigeria

We have about 323 large, medium and small dams, which have been constructed and are being operational in Nigeria. They have a total storage capacity of more than 30×109 m3. Eighty-five percent of the larger dams are located in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of the country.

All Dams in Nigeria And Their Locations

Sequel to the above, one could guess the extent to which dams are important. How many do we have altogether in the country? How can we locate them? This amongst others will be highlighted below; all dams in Nigeria and their locations

 1. Gusau Dam, Sokoto River, Zamfara State

Location: North-WestSurface area hectares: N/A

Usage: For Water supply to neighbouring communities and cities.

2. Bakolori Dam, Sokoto River, Sokoto State

Location: NorthSurface area hectares: 8,000 hectares

Usage: Mainly for Irrigation

3. Kafin Zaki Dam, Jama’are/Bunga River, Bauchi State

Location: North-EastSurface area hectares: 120,000 hectares

Usage: For Agricultural Irrigation and possible use for hydroelectric power generation

4. Kainji Dam, Niger River, Niger State

Location: Central-Nigeria Surface area hectares: 10 kilometres

Usage: Power generation.

5. Challawa Gorge Dam, Challawa River, Kano State

Location: North-WestSurface area hectares: 3,857

Usage: Power generation.

6. Tiga Dam, Hadejia River, Kano State

Location: North-WestSurface area hectares: 178

Usage: Hydropower generation.

7. Jebba Dam, Niger River, Niger State

Location: North-WestSurface area hectares: not known

Usage: Hydroelectric Power Station.

8. Dadin Kowa Dam, Gongola River, Gombe State

Location: North-EastSurface area: 29,000

Usage: Serves as drinking water but is also used for irrigation and hydropower generation.

9. Ede-Erinle Reservoir, Erinle River, Osun State

Location: South-West

Surface area hectares: 12 square kilometres
Usage: Flood control, water supply, and fishing.

10. Asejire Reservoir, Osun River, Oyo State

Location: South-West Surface area hectares: 2369

Usage: Water supply.

11. Goronyo Dam, Rima River, Sokoto State

Location: North

Surface area: 20,000

Usage: Irrigation supply

12. Kiri Dam, Gongola River, Adamawa State

Location: North-EastSurface area: 11,500

Usage: Irrigation purpose, used by Savannah Sugar Company the sugar cane plantation company now owned by Dangote Industries.

13. Ikere Gorge Dam, Ogun River, Oyo State

Location: South-WestSurface area: 4,700

Usage: Planned to be used for generating electricity, water supply, and irrigation purposes.

14. Jibiya Dam, Gada River, Katsina State

Location: NorthSurface area: 4,000

Usage: Irrigation and water supply.

15. Oyan River Dam, Oyan River, Ogun State

Location: South-West Surface area: 4,000

Usage: Water supply to Lagos and Abeokuta.

16. Shiroro Dam, Kaduna River, Niger State

Location: North-WestSurface area: 31,200

Usage: Generation of power.

17. Obudu Dam, Cross River, Cross River State

Location: South-EastSurface area: N/A

Usage: Fishing, tourism, Irrigation and recreation functions.

18. Jabi Dam, River Jabi, Abuja

Location: NorthSurface area: 4,000

Usage: Artificial reservoir for water supply and fishing purposes.

19. Zobe Dam, Karaduwa River, Katsina State

Location: NorthSurface area: 8,000

Usage: hydroelectric power generation and irrigation purpose.

Conclusion: All Dams in Nigeria And Their Locations

Conclusively, you should note that there is a slight difference between reservoirs and dams. A reservoir is a lake that is created by a dam artificially while a lake is formed naturally without the need for a dam. With this, we have several other dams which are not all that popular.

Benjamin Targba

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